HTTR – Border Guards’ Command and Control System

The new challenges and requirements coming from accession to the European Union and the Schengen Agreement and recent developments in various advanced technologies including GPS, GPRS, Remote Sensing and other GIS information technologies have motivated to focus on the design of appropriate methodologies for management of border control system at the Hungarian Border Guard. Dealing with border control requires not only geospatial information concerning the location of the event but also information on its surrounds (topography, land surface coverage, DTM information), alternative routes to the location, patrol resources available responding to an incident.

An incident may be defined as a situation in which a migrant (illegal person, criminal or smuggler) negatively affects safety or performs illegal activity. Incident management from the point of view of the Border Guards consists of three main phases: planning, revealing and responding to an incident.

HTTR
An incident may be defined as a situation in which a migrant (illegal person, criminal or smuggler) negatively affects safety or performs illegal activity. Incident management from the point of view of the Border Guards consists of three main phases: planning, revealing and responding to an incident.
The planning phase involves scheduling and logging of regular patrolling activity based on human forces and material assets’ registry of the Border Guards. This phase covers the route planning for guard patrols and troops, too.
The revealing phase includes monitoring of patrol activities by integrating a digital map with mobile command and control technology, a two-way communication and automatic vehicle location to support the dispatch function.
Finally there is a responding phase, which covers analysing and decision making process activities following an incident.

In case of an incident, information coming through wireless communication technology from the patrol vehicles in the field will be analysed by an officer in the operation (dispatch) centre. Computer based analysis is supported by digital map products, like 3D surface model, orthoimagery and furthermore statistical data on crime and illegal migration using an infection map. The operation officer can use various functions to support his/her decision making process like e.g. viewing observation points, patrol routes and areas, location of all patrol vehicles which are in action; using expansion model to display supposed geographic positions of illegal migrant based on digital map, 3D surface model and land coverage; visibility from location point of a given patrol based on 3D surface model of operation area; access to resources (human, technical) of each patrol in action and display them in the digital map; it means that the in-field location of resources, including the underlying data associated with individuals or vehicles and movement of illegal migrant to be expected is viewable on a digital map almost in real time. According to decision making process using above mentioned functions, operation officer comes to a decision to command patrols in the field.

GIS makes various essential contributions to incident management like e.g. it reduces incident response time through rapid retrieval of relevant up-to-date information; it facilitates the work of border guard to catch illegal migrants; it reduces costs of Border Guards’ fleet; it effectively manages the correct allocation of resources available during an incident; it determines the affected zones concerning illegal migration incidents and thus facilitates to organise patrol activity; it supports analysis of crime and illegal migration; it facilitates to track patrol vehicles in the field; it displays digital map, 3D surface model of operation area to facilitate the scouting activity and navigation of patrols.

GIS is used also as a powerful statistical tool in modelling the occurrence of incidents for compiling crime and illegal migration rates and for creating incident status reports and statistics. Border Guards’ Control & Command System is implemented as a client-server configuration on each institutional level. It is a WAN system, connecting local operation centres. The centre pulls data from an Oracle database configured with Oracle Spatial 9i. The system also integrates with other systems providing spatial data e.g. vehicle position, and systems providing non-spatial data, which includes information on human and technical resources, material assets, statistics of illegal migration. BGCCS is built as an extension of Intergraph GeoMedia Version 5.1. and GeoMedia Professional Version 5.1. GeoMedia Grid Version 5.1b is used for spatial grid analysis.

Project management has been executed by Ericsson Hungary Ltd. and the patrol dispatch & routing subsystem has been developed by Geometria Ltd.